Selected publications

Challenges and Controversies in Human Mesenchymal Stem Cell Therapy.

Challenges and Controversies in Human Mesenchymal Stem Cell Therapy.

Stem Cells Int. 2019 Apr 9;2019:9628536. doi: 10.1155/2019/9628536. eCollection 2019.

Lukomska B1, Stanaszek L1, Zuba-Surma E2, Legosz P3, Sarzynska S3, Drela K1.

Author information

  1. NeuroRepair Department, Mossakowski Medical Research Centre, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland.
  2. Department of Cell Biology, Faculty of Biochemistry, Biophysics and Biotechnology, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland.
  3. Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, 1st Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.


Stem cell therapy is being intensely investigated within the last years. Expectations are high regarding mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) treatment in translational medicine. However, many aspects concerning MSC therapy should be profoundly defined. Due to a variety of approaches that are investigated, potential effects of stem cell therapy are not transparent. On the other hand, most results of MSC administration in vivo have confirmed their safety and showed promising beneficial outcomes. However, the therapeutic effects of MSC-based treatment are still not spectacular and there is a potential risk related to MSC applications into specific cell niche that should be considered in long-term observations and follow-up outcomes. In this review, we intend to address some problems and critically discuss the complex nature of MSCs in the context of their effective and safe applications in regenerative medicine in different diseases including graft versus host disease (GvHD) and cardiac, neurological, and orthopedic disorders.